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Verb Tenses: Directing the Action

2014 April 25
by Fay Lamb

The directorIn the English language there are three basic verb tenses: present, past, and future. Each of those tenses are shown in simple form, perfect form, progressive form, and perfect progressive form.

Present tense is all about relating actions that is unchanging, repetitive, or an event that is in the now.

Past tense deals with action or events that was started but ended. We recognize that tense because regular verb usually in in ed. But there are some irregular verbs. For example, in the past we wrote. We didn’t writed.

Future tense is all about action that hasn’t happened yet, but it’s going to. The words will and shall are used.

Confused?

I don’t blame you, so I’m going to provide you with a simple chart that you can add to your style sheet:

Form/Example

Simple:

Present: My mom bakes.

Past: My mom baked.

Future: My mom will bake.

Perfect

Present: My mom has baked.

Past: My mom had baked.

Future: My mom will have baked.

Progressive

Present: My mom is baking.

Past: My mom was baking.

Future: My mom will be baking.

Perfect-Progressive

Present: My mom has been baking.

Past: My mom had been baking.

Future: Our dog will have been baking.

Most often, I see authors run into trouble with tenses when it has to do with subject/verb agreement and with internal monologue versus deep point of view. Next week, we’ll discuss those problem areas.

One Response Post a comment
  1. April 26, 2014

    I can see why I don’t edit for a living 🙂

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